Burial monuments and structures in Giza

Piramidi za Giza

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Piramidi za Giza ni kati ya majengo yanayojulikana zaidi duniani. Pamoja na mava mengine ni sehemu ya makaburi ya Giza yaliyokuwa mahali pa kuzika wafalme wa Misri na wakubwa wa milki yao kwa muda wa miaka 2500.

Ziko kando ya bonde la mto Nile, karibu na mji wa Giza takriban kilometa 15 kutoka Kairo, mji mkuu wa Misri.

Historia ya maeneo ya makaburi ya Giza kwa jumla

Makaburi ya kwanza yalijengwa huko tangu chanzo cha milki ya Misri ya Kale takriban miaka 3,000 KK.

Wakati wa nasaba ya 4 ya Misri eneo la makaburi hayo liliongezeka sifa kwa sababu wafalme Kheops, Khefren na Mykerinos waliamua kujenga huko piramidi kwa ajili ya makaburi yao wenyewe.

Kutokana na ujenzi wa makaburi ya kifalme ndugu wa familia zao na maafisa wa juu walizikwa huko pia hadi mwisho wa nasaba ya 7 ya Misri.

Baada ya hapo na kwa sababu ya kuhamishwa kwa mji mkuu wa milki kwenye kusini ya nchi umuhimu wa eneo la makaburi ya Giza ulipungua. Mazishi ya maana yalitokea tena wakati wa nasaba za mwisho za Misri, katika vipindi vya kuvamiwa na Uajemi.

Piramidi kubwa na Sfinksi

Eneo la makaburi ya Giza hujulikana hasa kutokana na piramidi kubwa pamoja na sfinksi kubwa zilizokuwa maarufu tayari katika nyakati za kale. Mwanahistoria wa Ugiriki wa Kale aliyeitwa Herodoti alizihesabu kati ya Maajabu Saba ya Dunia na tangu siku zile miaka 2,500 iliyopita zilitembelewa na watalii.

Piramidi tatu kubwa zinajulikana kufuatana na majina ya Kigiriki ya mafarao au wafalme wa Misri waliozikwa ndani yao: piramidi za Kheops, Khefren na Mykerinos. Piramidi za Kheops na Khefren ziko karibu kimo moja, ile ya Kheops ni kubwa kidogo lakini ile ya Khefren inaonekana kubwa kwa macho kwa sababu imejengwa juu ya ardhi ya juu kiasi kwa hiyo kwa macho ya mtazamaji inafika juu zaidi.

Jina la Kigiriki Jina la Kimisri Alitawala mnamo Kimo asilia Kimo cha leo Kipimo cha
upande wa msingi
Piramidi ya Kheops Khufru ~ 2620
- 2580 KK
146.1 m 138.75 m 230 m
Piramidi ya Khefren Khafre ~ 2558
-2532 KK
143.6 m 136.4 m 215.25
Piramidi ya Mykerinos Menkaure 2558
-2532 KK
65.55 m 62 m 102.2 m
x 104.4 m

Piramidi hizo zote hazikukaa peke yake bali zilijengwa pamoja na majengo ya kando.

  • Kila piramidi ilikuwa na mahekalu mawili ambako makuhani walitoa sadaka kwa ajili ya roho za mafarao marehemu peponi. Hekalu 1a kwanza lilijengwa mbali kidogo, kwenye chanzo cha barabara ya maandamano yaliyoendelea hadi hekalu la pili karibu na piramidi. Njia hizo za maandamano zilitumiwa hasa wakati wa sherehe za kumkumbuka farao.
  • Kwa kawaida malkia (wake wa farao) walizikwa katika piramidi ndogo au makaburi mengine kando ya piramidi kubwa. Piramidi za Kheops na Mykerinus huwa na piramidi 3 za malkia wa kila mfalme. Kwenye piramidi za Khefren hakuna makaburi ya malkia yaliyotambuliwa.

Historia ya baadaye

Tangu siku za kale watu walichukua mawe kutoka majengo ya Misri kwa kuyatumia katika majengo ya nyakati zao. Hii ndiyo sababu ya kwamba kimo cha piramidi kimepunga na hasa mawe mazuri yaliyofunika nyuso za piramidi yamepotea.

Katika karne ya 12 BK mtawala wa Misri al-Malek al-Aziz Othman ben Yusuf alijaribu kubomoa piramidi akizitazama kama ushahidi wa upagani wa kale. Wafanyakazi walianza kukata mawe kutoka piramidi ndogo ya Mykerinos lakini ikaonekana ya kwamba kazi ya kubomoa labda ingekuwa ghali sawa na kujenga. Baada ya miezi kadhaa shughuli hizo zilisimamishwa na hadi leo kuna pengo katika ukuta wa kaskazini.

Viungo vya Nje

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Tips & Hints
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4SQ Egypt
19 November 2012

On the Giza Plateau, Khufu's builders oriented the largest pyramid ever built, it incorporates about 2.3 million stone blocks, weighing an average of 2.5 to 15 tons each.

Ros47 Delta
1 May 2013

Some of our best work.

Rahul Desai
3 April 2010

They shut the place by 4:30 PM local time. And you should dedicate at least 2-3 hours to see the pyramids closely and enjoy the place. Try and reach the place accordingly.

Georban
3 October 2012

The Great Pyramid of Giza it's the oldest and it is also the only one to remain largely intact. The three massive Pyramids were built by armies of Hebrew slaves for the glory of the Pharaohs of Egypt.

Nataly Cnyrim-Kimmel
29 July 2013

Don't miss the Sound & Light Show at Giza After the sun sets on the bustling city of Cairo, the famous pyramids on the Giza plateau come to life in a magical sound and light setting. A Must !

Onur
4 December 2012

that's all in Cairo. just jumped. and breakfast near the river Nil. not a place to be seen very necessary. but sharm-el sheikh is must!...

@JaumePrimero
15 October 2011

The oldest of the seven wonders of the world. And it was also the tallest manmade structure in the world for over 3,800 years.

10,000 Pixels
8 August 2011

Step 1 - Find an Egyptian soldier/guard with an AK-47.Step 2 - Bribe them generously.Step 3 - Now you can fully explore the Pyramids like you're Indiana Jones!

Rafiqah
29 October 2012

Stupid egyptian people picnic in front of the pyramid.

Abhinav Sharma
16 June 2012

If you go past the sphinx to where they usually hold the light and sound show, you can see all the 9 pyramids in a row (yes, there's 9, though 6 are smaller than the three big ones!)

Lou Musti
3 October 2013

Had yelem shewayet el baltageya eli 3ala madkhal el ahramat we hatla2o el soyah reg3o :@ ! Mish keda besaraha ..

Ana Cristina Moura
15 January 2013

Lugar misterioso!

Yasemin Göntem
31 January 2013

muhteşem , muteşemmm

Mustafa
18 October 2012

bi daha gelmem :D

Fоursquаrе по-русски

Здесь можно задавать вопрос, ответ на который сразу же или позднее обязательно придет к вам. Но самое главное сформулировать свой вопрос четко и ясно.

Yasemin Göntem
26 March 2013

harikanında ötesi bir yer

CameraNeon
21 October 2013

Não se deixe aborrecer pelos vendedores insistentes! Fotografia dentro das pirâmides não é permitida. Evite ir no pico do verão. Para uma vista ao longe - foto clássica, siga para trás das pirâmides.

Asya Hameş
9 February 2013

Gormus olmak icin gidilir, insanin zevk almasini engelleyen bunaltici saticilarla dolu....tekrarlamam

VacazionaViajes
28 August 2012

Uno de los monumentos más conocidos de Egipto y unos de los más antiguos del mundo. Aproveche para dar un paseo en camello.

Игорь Казыров
17 August 2012

Если хотите посмотреть на нервно кричащего араба, то позвольте вашему ребёнку взять у него пирамидки, которые он "типа дарит", а потом, можете ребенку разрешить её выкинуть или сломать:)

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Location
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0.4km from Al Ahram, Nazlet El-Semman, Al Haram, Giza, Egypt

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Open hours
Fri 8:00 AM–4:00 PM
Sat 9:00 AM–7:00 PM
Sun 9:00 AM–3:00 PM
Mon 10:00 AM–5:00 PM
Tue 10:00 AM–4:00 PM
Wed 9:00 AM–4:00 PM
References

Great Pyramids of Giza (أهرامات الجيزة) on Foursquare

Piramidi za Giza on Facebook

Hotels nearby

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Le Meridien Pyramids Hotel and Spa

starting $63

Mercure Cairo Le Sphinx Hotel

starting $59

Soluxe Cairo Hotel

starting $50

The Pyramids Loft

starting $10

Pyramids View Inn Bed & Breakfast

starting $25

Cairo Pyramids Hotel - Steigenberger

starting $52

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